2016 JWOC Team Selection Criteria

Introduction

The JWOC Selections Committee will choose up to six young male and six young female athletes to represent the USA at the Junior World Championships in 2016. The Selection Committee may also choose alternates, prepared to step in should the need arise, using the same selection criteria. If a selected athlete declines to attend JWOC, then the Junior Team Coach (JTC) may replace them with the next qualified junior.

In cases where an athlete has qualified for the JWOC Team or as an alternate, but has not met the 3k time standard, and/or their performance in the JWOC Trials and recent A-event races is significantly below their past performance and ability, the Selections Committee may require the athlete to meet the 3k time and/or prove that their racing performance is improving within a reasonable time after the trials in order to retain their spot on the team. This will be monitored by the JTC. Should an athlete fail to show improvement or meet the 3k time, the JTC may either replace the athlete with an alternate or determine that no alternate is ready to compete at JWOC and leave the removed athlete’s spot on the team vacant. Athletes who are removed from the JWOC Team may be moved to alternate status at the discretion of JTC. No athletes will be added to the pool of alternates and JWOC Team members after the Selection Committee has announced the Team.

Selection Criteria

Declaration of Candidacy and Eligibility

In order to be considered a candidate for 2016 JWOC Team Selection, a junior (born in 1996 or later) must declare his/her intent to seek selection. The timeframe and procedure for declaration will be included in the JWOC Trials announcement.

Any Junior who declares his/her intention to be a candidate for the 2016 JWOC Team must be a U.S. citizen, and either hold a current U.S. passport that will remain valid through the 2016 JWOC competition period, or be able to obtain a valid U.S. Passport at least one month prior to the JWOC competition. He/she must also be a member of Orienteering USA in good standing, both currently and through the 2016 JWOC competition period (this might require membership renewal well in advance of expiration).

Candidates who are not members of the JNT and are selected as competitors or alternates to the JWOC team must do the following:

  1. Agree to and sign a team contract which will be in effect any time the athlete is officially training with the JTC, at JWOC, and pre-JWOC training camp.
  2. Submit a training program to JTC with details of training and racing for the time period between the end of the Selection Races and the beginning of JWOC.
  3. Agree to join the team at least 4 days before the start of JWOC and spend time training in relevant terrain either at the official pre-JWOC training camp or on the athlete’s own time.

Scoring List

An ordered list of candidates, known as the Scoring List, will be generated from the candidates’ Overall Selection Scores. The Overall Selection Score will be the sum of the following four scores, plus potential bonus points from meeting the 3k time standard.

  • JWOC Rankings Score – using a 20 point scale (1st place = 20pts)
  • JWOC Trials Sprint Race Score – using a 20 point scale
  • JWOC Trials Middle Race Score – using a 20 point scale
  • JWOC Trials Long Race Score – using a 20 point scale
  • Physical Fitness Bonus Score – 3 points if the 3k running time standard is met.

Selection Period

The Selection Period started with the 2015 BAOC A-event at Joe Grant Park, and will end with the JWOC Trials at the West Point National Meet, April 23-24, 2016.

JWOC Trials (formerly known as Selection Races)

The three JWOC Trials Races (Sprint, Middle, and Long) will take place on one weekend (including the Friday before or the Monday after, if possible) during the above Selection Period, as part of one overall event. added: In 2016, the Trials races will be part of the West Point National Meet, April 23-24, 2016. Athletes will declare their intention to try out for the JWOC team on the registration form; be sure to register for the event by April 17. If you cannot attend or miss the date to register, contact Coach Erin.

If a suitable planned event cannot be designated as the JWOC Trials, the Selections Committee and JTESC will organize the races exclusively for JWOC Candidates.

The dates and location(s) and other details of the JWOC Trials will be announced no fewer than 4 months in advance, in the Junior Team section of the Orienteering USA website, as well as through e-mail lists, social media and other communication methods, so as to reach as many juniors as possible.

In the event that a JWOC Trials course is voided, the Selections Committee will decide whether and how to evaluate JWOC candidates for that discipline.

JWOC Trials Race Scores

Each JWOC candidate will be assigned a score based on their finish position, amongst all JWOC candidates, within each race. The scores will be assigned as follows, for each place in each race:

1st - 20 points
2nd - 16 points
3rd - 13 points
4th - 10 points
5th - 8 points
6th - 6 points
7th - 4 points
8th - 3 points
9th - 2 point
10th - 1 point
11th+ - 0 points

In the event of ties, each runner tied will receive the average of the points for the combined places. Runners tied for 10th place will get 1 point. Competitors who finish in 11th place or below, or do not finish the race, will receive 0 points as their score.

JWOC Rankings

The 2016 JWOC Rankings will be calculated as they were in 2015; that is, the same way as the Orienteering USA 12-month Rolling Rankings for the F-20/F-21 and/or M-20/M-21 categories, but including some additional races. The Rankings will include all Orienteering USA sanctioned races within the Selection Period. They will also include the following events and races if they occur prior to the end of the Selection Period:

  • Interscholastic Championships Varsity races (ISVF, ISVM);
  • Intercollegiate Varsity races (ICVF, ICVM);
  • Races in which a U.S. junior runs in the F-21+ or M-21+ category (However, the ranking score will be taken as is from that category); and
  • North American Orienteering Championships (NAOC).

In addition, the JWOC Rankings may include Canada Cup (national events) F/W17-20 and M17-20 races in which at least one U.S. junior competes.

JWOC Trials races will not be included in the calculation of JWOC Ranking Scores.

The JWOC Ranking points for each JWOC-eligible orienteer will be calculated as the average of his/her four (4) best individual JWOC Rankings race scores—similar to the way that Orienteering USA Rolling Rankings points are calculated. However, unlike the Orienteering USA rankings, a JWOC-eligible orienteer with fewer than four ranked races will have a valid JWOC Ranking Score, but it will be equal to the total of his/her individual race scores divided by four (4).

JWOC Ranking Score

The JWOC Ranking Score will be calculated using a 20 point scale in the following way based on the individual placement described in the 2016 JWOC Rankings:

1st - 20 points
2nd - 16 points
3rd - 13 points
4th - 10 points
5th - 8 points
6th - 6 points
7th - 4 points
8th - 3 points
9th - 2 points
10th - 1 point
11th+ - 0 points

Physical Fitness Bonus Score

Athletes who meet or exceed the following 3k time standards will gain an extra 3 points.

Female 12:30
Male     10:20

The time trial must be witnessed by the JTC, or by a person designated by the JTC who agrees to be an observer prior to the time trial. Official race results may also be accepted, but must be approved by the JTC. The time trial must happen within the two months leading up to JWOC team trials. An athlete may submit a 3200m time which will be scaled by taking the average time for 200m and subtracting it from the total.

Summary

Each candidate’s Overall Selection Score will be calculated as the sum of:

  • JWOC Ranking converted to points using a 20 / 16 / 13 / 10 / 8 / 6 / 4 / 3 / 2 / 1 scale
  • Sprint JWOC Trials race result converted to points using a 20 / 16 / 13 / 10 / 8 / 6 / 4 / 3 / 2 / 1 scale
  • Middle JWOC Trials race result converted to points using a 20 / 16 / 13 / 10 / 8 / 6 / 4 / 3 / 2 / 1 scale
  • Long JWOC Trials race result converted to points using a 20 / 16 / 13 / 10 / 8 / 6 / 4 / 3 / 2 / 1 scale
  • Physical Fitness in the last 2 months of the Selection Period: 0 or 3 points depending on the athlete’s ability to run faster than his/her threshold time in the 3k.

Example: At the JWOC Trials, Sarah came in 2nd, 3rd and 5th in Sprint, Middle and Long, respectively; her JWOC ranking score was 3rd highest. Her scores, therefore, were 16, 13, 8 and 13. In addition, because she ran a 3km trial in 12 minutes, she received a fitness bonus of 3pts. Therefore, her Overall Selection Score was 53. If this puts her 4th overall, and the Selections Committee decides to send at least 4 female athletes to JWOC, she will be on the team.

Breaking Ties

In the case of a tie in Overall Selection Scores between two or more athletes, the Selections Committee will use the methods listed below, in the order listed, to settle the tie. If the first method does not resolve the tie, due to lack of data or a continued tie, the Selections Committee will continue down the list until one of the methods is able to resolve the tie and an athlete is (athletes are) selected to the JWOC 2016 Team.

  1. Head-to-head Results – The Selections Committee will review all head-to-head results between the tied athletes for A-event, Canada Cup and international races; the athlete with more wins will move ahead on the Scoring List. This tie-breaker will only be used if there are at least 4 head-to-head races.
  2. JWOC Rankings – The Selections Committee will use the 2016 JWOC Rankings, calculated as described above, and the athlete(s) with the higher ranking point(s) will move ahead on the Scoring List.
  3. 3k Times – The Selections Committee will compile a descending order list from fastest to slowest 3k times submitted by athletes for the 2016 JWOC selection process. The athlete(s) with the faster time(s) will move ahead on the Scoring List.
  4. Selections Committee Decision – This method will be used only in cases where the first three methods have failed to break the tie. The Selections Committee will settle the tie using their best judgment to determine who among the tied athletes is better prepared physically and mentally to compete at JWOC 2016. The Selections Committee may refer to the rubric designed to review petitions to make a decision.

Petitions

An athlete who is unable to compete in any of the JWOC Trials races, feels mis-represented by one or more of the four scores, or lacks a ranking score due to extenuating circumstances, may submit a petition for consideration to be eligible for selection to the JWOC Team. An athlete may submit a petition for consideration for any reason that justifiably shows their ability is misrepresented by their Selection Scores.

Petition Preparation & Requirements

The information required in petitions depends on whether the athlete’s circumstances can be classified as either

  • Missing JWOC Trials races or rankings
  • Unrepresentative JWOC Trials races and/or rankings

If the circumstances involve missing any/all JWOC Trials races or not having a JWOC Ranking based on at least 4-races, the petition must include:

  1. Evidence that the petitioning athlete has met the 3k time standard in the two months prior to JWOC Trials of:
    • Male 3k: 10:20
    • Female 3k: 12:30
  2. Links to results from significant races over the past 12-months, including championships, other A-events, and/or international competitions. Head-to-head competition against athletes who are also declared JWOC Team candidates should be highlighted.
  3. Evidence of the petitioning athlete’s training activity during the 3–12 months leading up to JWOC Trials. This should include links to training logs, descriptions of training camps attended, and coaches and/or other athletes who could verify that the training submitted is accurate.
  4. A detailed explanation of the petitioning athlete’s situation and how it precluded him/her from participating in one or more JWOC Trials races, or four or more rankable races. The explanation should highlight any inconsistencies in training and/or racing that might be relevant to the situation.

If the circumstances involve sub-par JWOC Trials race results or JWOC Ranking scores, the petition must include:

  1. An explanation of the circumstances related to the petitioning athlete’s sub-par performance(s) and why he/she feels it does not represent his/her current ability. The explanation should highlight any inconsistencies in training and/or racing that might be relevant to the situation.
  2. Evidence of the petitioning athlete’s training activity during the 3–12 months leading up to JWOC Trials, or prior to the occurrence of an injury. This should include links to training logs, descriptions of training camps attended, and coaches and/or other athletes who could verify that the training submitted is accurate.
  3. A description of the petitioning athlete’s current fitness level, if he/she has not met the 3k standard. Please note that while 3k times are not required in a petition for sub-par performance(s), meeting the 3k time standard would significantly improve the likelihood of success.
  4. Descriptions of head-to-head competition against athletes who are also declared JWOC Team candidates. These should include links to the results of the races cited.

Submission and Review Process

The Selections Committee will follow the steps below in evaluating each petition. The committee will accept all petitions for consideration that have met the required petition circumstances above. Any petition that does not include the required information will not be considered.

Step 1 – Submission

An athlete must submit his/her petition to the Selections Committee by sending it via email to Erin Schirm (erin_schirm [at] orienteeringusa [dot] org). The submission deadline is determined by the petitioning athlete’s circumstances, in particular, when those circumstances arose:

  1. Athletes submitting petitions for circumstances that were known at least two weeks prior to JWOC Trials must submit their petition by the Sunday before the weekend of JWOC Trials. Petitions are welcome before that time; however, no petitions will be accepted after that date. Circumstances that would fit this description include, but are not limited to, the following:
    1. Missing one or more JWOC Trials races;
    2. Lack of a JWOC Ranking;
    3. A JWOC Ranking that is misrepresentative of ability;
    4. An injury in the months prior to JWOC Trials that has affected training; and
    5. Other reasons that have affected the petitioning athlete’s training in the months leading up to JWOC Trials.
  2. Athletes submitting petitions for circumstances that were known less than two weeks prior to, and/or during, JWOC Trials must inform a Selections Committee member that he/she intends to submit a petition, as soon as possible after the issue has arisen. Within 24 hours, the Committee member will assign a date by which the petition must be submitted. Circumstances that would fit this description include, but are not limited to, the following:
    1. One or more poor race(s) at JWOC Trials;
    2. An Injury or illness occurring in the two weeks prior to, and/or during, JWOC Trials;
    3. A disqualification / mispunch in a JWOC Trials race; and
    4. Issues with a map, course, and/or specific control placement.

Step 2 Review

  1. The Selections Committee will review all petitions for acceptability in terms of meeting the requirements listed above.
  2. Committee members may reach out further to athletes and coaches to learn more about a given situation.
  3. Committee members will evaluate each petitioning athlete’s ability, based on the circumstances of their situation, head-to-head results with other athletes in contention for the JWOC team from past performances in national and international events, physical ability, the clarity and relevance of the circumstance(s) of their petition, and training over the past year.
  4. The Selection Committee will then determine whether to insert the petitioning athlete into the Scoring List, adjust his/her position in the Scoring List, or do neither, thus denying the petition.

Step 3 Findings

The Selection Committee will notify the petitioning athlete(s) of their findings, and then post their findings on the internet, as appropriate.

Reviewing Rubrics

In order to fairly review and evaluate athletes’ petitions the Selections Committee will use the various rubrics described below. Please note that athletes whose petition evaluations score 3’s and 4’s will have a made strong cases for being added to the JWOC team. However, athletes whose petition evaluations score mainly 1’s and 2’s will have a low chance of being added to the JWOC team. The Selections Committee may assign fractions of points where deemed appropriate.

Criteria

1 Point

2 Points

3 Points

4 Points

Circumstance of situation

Circumstances for petition are under the athlete’s control;

Petitioning athlete took no action to affect the situation;

Petition does not connect lack of performance or poor performance to the circumstances;  and

There is no explanation of similar patterns in athletes training and racing habits.  

Circumstances for petition are under athlete’s control;

Petitioning athlete took action to affect the situation;

Petition connects lack of performance or poor performance to the circumstances; and

Explanation of similar patterns in athletes training and racing suggest athlete took no preemptive action to affect the habits that created the situation.

Circumstances for petition are out of athlete’s control;

Petitioning athlete did not reach out for support before petitioning;

Petition does not connect lack of performance or poor performance to the circumstances;  and

Explanation of circumstances suggests that reaching out would have positively affected the situation. 

Circumstances for petition are out of athlete’s control;

Petitioning athlete reached out for support before petitioning;

Petition connects lack of performance or poor performance with circumstances;  and

Explanation of circumstances suggests that preemptively reaching out still would not have affected the situation.

Head to head competition

Petitioning athlete has never beaten athletes in 1st – 8th place on the Scoring List.

Petitioning athlete has beaten athletes in 7th – 8th place on the Scoring List 75% of the time, including 1-2 wins against athletes in the top 6 spots.

Petitioning athlete has beaten athletes in 5th-8th place on the Scoring List 75% of the time, including 1-2 wins against athletes in the top 4 spots.

Petitioning athlete has beaten athletes in 4th – 8th place on the Scoring List 75% of the time, including 2+ wins against athletes in the top 3 spots.

Past performance at National and International competitions

Petitioning athlete has:

Attended less than 4 days of racing in the last 6-12 months;

Unexplainable finishes in the bottom 40% in national races;

No international racing experience; and

Placed in the bottom 45% in championships and pressure situations.

Attended 4-6 days of racing in the last 6-12 months;

Unexplainable finishes in the bottom 55% of competitions;

1-3 days of international racing experience;  and

Placed in the 45-70th percentile in championships and pressure situations.  

Attended 6-10 days of racing in the last 6-12 moths;

Explainable races in the bottom 40% in national races;

3-6 days of international racing experience;  and

Placed in the 70-85th percentile in championship and pressure situations.

10+ days of racing in the past 6-12 months,

Explainable races in the bottom 55% of competitions,

7+ international racing day experiences, and

Placed in the 85-100th percentile in championship and pressure situations.

Physical ability

Petitioning athlete’s 3k time is slower than:

Men:10:20
Women: 12:30

Petitioning athlete’s 3k time is equal to or faster  than:

Men: 10:20
Women: 12: 30

Petitioning athlete’s 3k time is equal to or faster than:

Men: 10:10
Women: 12:15

Petitioning athlete’s 3k time is equal to or faster than:

Men: 9:55
Women: 12:00

Training

Petitioning athlete has…

 

 

Petitioning athlete’s training includes…

Trained less than 3 hours a week on average for the last 6 months;  and

Attended no training camps in the past 12 months.  

No evidence of physical conditioning;

No hard running workouts;  and

No regular orienteering training.

Trained between 3 and 5 hours a week on average over the last 6 months;  and

Attended 1 training camp in the last 12 months.  

Core and strengthening 1-2 times a week;

One hard running workout a week;  and

Regular orienteering training once a month.

Trained between 5 and 7 hours a week on average over the last 6 months;  and

Attended 2 training camps in the last 12 months.

Core 3-4 times a week and lifts 1 time per week;

One hard running workout a week, and a long run;  and

Regular orienteering training 2-3 times a month.

Trained 7 or more hours a week on average over the last 6 months;  and

Attended 3+ training camps in the last 12 months.  

3-4 core workouts a week and 1-2 days of comprehensive lifting program;

Two hard running workouts a week and a long run;  and

Regular orienteering training 4+ times a month.

Selections Committee

As per Orienteering USA rules, the Selections Committee shall be composed of the:

  • U.S. Junior Team Coach (JTC);
  • U.S. Junior Team Administrator (JTA) or designee; and
  • Orienteering USA Vice President of Competition (VPComp) or designee.

All members of the Selections Committee shall be members of Orienteering USA. If the JTA or VP Competition believes that she/he is unable to fulfill her/his duties as a Selections Committee member, he/she may designate a replacement, aka “designee”.

Selections Committee members shall be familiar with and abide by the Orienteering USA Conflict of Interest Policy (PDF; opens in new window). If a Committee member has an unavoidable conflict of interest—e.g., family relationship with one or more candidates—he/she must recuse herself/himself from discussion of and voting on any candidates involved in the conflict. If he/she has four or more such conflicts, he/she should consider resigning from the Committee, and designating a replacement, as per above.

updated 28 March 2016
updated 24 February 2016
posted 21 Aug 2015